Left Turns: The Greatest Cause of Motorcycle Accidents
Spring has arrived in Texas, and summer is just around the corner. It is the time of year when folks dust off their motorcycles, and head out on the Texas roads, seeking fun and adventure. Unfortunately, for too many of those people, it's also the time when motorcycle accidents begin to increase.
If motorcycles only drove in a straight line, almost anybody could handle one. In the real world, however, there are some special challenges associated with driving a two wheeled vehicle. The most important and most difficult of these by far are the dangers lurking in the form of our fellow motorists. Because of them, even the most simple of maneuvers–such as a basic turn–can become difficult to negotiate.
The Left Turn Problem
Motorcyclists are most at risk approaching an intersection where a vehicle is making a left turn in front of them. It’s the number one factor in motorcycle accidents and fatalities. According to data from The U.S. Department of Transportation, 53% of crossing-path crashes involve left turns, while only 6% involve right turns. That’s almost 10 times as many crashes! In other words, making a left turn at an intersection is FAR MORE dangerous than making a right turn at that same intersection. The most obvious reason is that drivers turning right do not have to cross the path of any oncoming traffic. During a left turn, however, motorcycle drivers not only have to be wary of oncoming traffic in the opposite lane, they must also check to their left to ensure that someone in their own lane is not trying to pass them on the left.
After an accident, it's very common for drivers to say something along the lines of “I didn’t even see the motorcycle when I turned in front of it," and they're being honest. Depth perception is a big part of the “left turn problem.” Other motorists don’t see motorcycles in the same way they see other cars and trucks: a typical commuter may see several thousand cars in a day. How many motorcycles do they see? One? Two? Ten? Whatever number it is, it’s a very small part of the daily driving experience. In addition, due to their size, motorcycles tend to blend in to their surroundings, and it is much harder to see and judge their speed when turning in front of them.
In addition to the visibility problems associated with left hand turns, driver distraction plays a big role in motorcycle accidents. Drivers distracted by phone calls and text messages are a growing menace for everyone, but especially bikers. It all comes down to physics: in almost every collision between a car or truck and a motorcycle, the much smaller and lighter motorcycle (and its rider) will come out on the losing end. So while a distracted driver might cause a minor fender-bender with another car or truck, the same situation involving a motorcycle could easily turn deadly. Attorneys with experience in automotive litigation have a simpler way of putting it: “the bigger vehicle usually wins.”
The Safe Way to Make a Left Hand Turn
- Yield the right of way to other traffic. (It not only makes lots of sense…it’s the law!)
- Signal for the left-hand turn at least 150 feet in advance of the intersection.
- Stay alert! Make sure there are no other vehicles, bicycles, motorcycles, or pedestrians in your path. And then be ready to yield to anyone in the crosswalk who may decide to step out at the last minute!
- Allow plenty of time to maneuver your vehicle from a stopped position across the traffic lanes. (i.e. don’t be that driver who hopes the oncoming car will slow down to let you make the turn.)
- Don’t cut the corner; start turning when your vehicle’s front wheels are in line with the center of the street you are entering.
The Bottom Line: Be aware, patient, and cautious when making every left turn. Don’t assume anything about what an oncoming vehicle will do.
About the Author
Grant McFarland is an Attorney at Tinsman & Sciano Inc. Grant has practiced trial law from his home base in San Antonio since 1991. His trial experience includes personal injury, product liability, breach of contract, asbestos litigation, wrongful termination, defamation, business disputes, and malicious prosecution. Grant is Board Certified in Personal Injury Trial Law by the Texas Board of Legal Specialization.